Historical Buildings from Roman Times
Gallo-Roman Temple Area "Görresburg", Nettersheim
On the ridge of a mountain west of Nettersheim lie temple grounds dating back to Roman times, in which the native "Matonae Aufaniae", three female deities were worshipped. Archaeological finds indicate that its heyday was during the 2nd and 3rd centuries. The foundations were discovered, then walls were reconstructed on them to give a clear impression of what the temple looked like. The vertical votive stones are casts made from the originals found there.
Gallo-Roman Temple Area "Heidentempel", Nettersheim-Pesch
The Roman temple, built on a hill and partly reconstructed, date back to the 4th century A.D. It was built on the site of a previous temple. Three walled areas are in a row: in the most northerly of these, which appears to be a Gallo-Roman ritual temple, the Matronae Vacallinehae (female deities) were worshipped. The function of the other areas is unclear. A well and out-buildings also belong to the complex. A cast made from a votive stone found there has been erected in front of the Cella of the Matrons' Temple. The temple area can be found off the highway between Bad-Muenstereifel-Nöthen and Nettersheim-Pesch, near the car-park for the hiking park. The remains of the buildings can be viewed all year round.
Lime Kilns and Limestone Quarry "Kaninhecke", Nettersheim
Like in Iversheim, limestone is present in the ground, in a pure form which can be quarried easily. The Nettersheim lime kilns date back to the 19th century and were restored several years ago. Unlike the cyclical production methods of the Romans in Iversheim, in this modern kiln limestone and coal are continuously poured into the top and the finished lime is extracted at the bottom through tapholes. The quarry located behind it is rich in fossils, which are described on signs for visitors interested in geology.
Roman Aqueduct Bridge, Mechernich-Vussem
Aqueduct bridge at Vussem
In their water conduits the Romans did not use pumps, which was why an even slope of the channel groove was necessary. Clefts in the landscape had to be bridged. The aqueduct bridge at Vussem was probably supported by 13 arches in the valley, 80 metres long and up to 10 metres high. The parts visible today have been reconstructed.
Roman Lime Works, Iversheim
During construction of a ditch for water-pipes in 1966 six lime kilns from Roman times were discovered. Between 100 and 300 A.D. lime was fired in this location. The slaked lime was used as building material and was transported by barge across the river Erft. Despite its destruction during the first invasion of the Franks in 270 A.D., production was started up again, until around 300 it was suddenly stopped. This collection is a unique archaeological memorial to Roman economic history north of the Alps.
Roman Lime Works
Phone: +49 2253/8027
or +49 2253/505182
Roman Water Conduit, Mechernich-Breitenbenden
Directly next to a commercial way lies an especially well-preserved part of the Roman water conduit from the Eifel to Cologne. The impressions of the wooden formwork for the vault are still clearly recognizable.
Roman Workplace "Steinrutsch", Nettersheim
The exact significance of these buildings, originating in the 2nd century, is unclear. It is possible that this site served as a sentry-post, or perhaps it was used for stone and metal working. Roman mile-stones are on display here, which have been reconstructed on the sites where they were found.